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Learn about tick-borne illness, how it can become chronic, the challenges with traditional treatment options, and how patients can begin healing.

Understanding Anaplasmosis

About Anaplasmosis

Anaplasmosis, formerly known as human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE), is a tick-borne disease caused by the bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. It is primarily transmitted to humans through the bites of infected deer ticks (Ixodes scapularis) and western black-legged ticks (Ixodes pacificus).

The disease presents a challenge for diagnosis due to its nonspecific symptoms, often leading to confusion with other illnesses.

Common Symptoms of Anaplasmosis:

  • Fever
  • Severe headaches
  • Chills
  • Myalgia (muscle pain)
  • Malaise
  • Confusion
  • Hemorrhages
  • Renal failure

Anaplasmosis is prevalent in regions where infected ticks are found, such as the New England and North Central United States for deer ticks and Northern California for western black-legged ticks. The disease typically peaks in the spring and summer months when nymphal deer ticks are most active.

Diagnosis relies on a combination of clinical symptoms and laboratory tests, including low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzyme levels. Confirmatory diagnosis is achieved through PCR or immunostaining methods.

Prompt recognition and treatment are essential for managing anaplasmosis effectively and preventing complications. Understanding the symptoms and seeking medical attention after a tick bite in endemic areas are crucial steps in mitigating the impact of this tick-borne illness.